Schools and colleges have different rules about when an Institutional Review Board (IRB) needs to review and approve an activity. Typically, IRBs only need to review formal research activities that are intended to result in generalizable knowledge. In contrast, IRBs typically do not need to review quality improvement activities—activities that are intended to support an organization in improving its own practices and processes. PERTS programs are intended to help educators collect and use information for quality improvement purposes; therefore, IRB permission should not be required under most circumstances. However, if you intend to use the information you collect for formal research purposes, then you likely do need IRB approval. Also, some schools and colleges may ask IRBs to review quality improvement activities.